Mac basics 3
We will now learn how to access the voiceover utility and change settings.
For users who don’t have the option under system preferences keyboard and use all f1 f2 ETC keys as standard function keys checked you will be accessing the voiceover utility by pressing control option FN or function key and f 8.
For users who do have this option enabled you can access the voiceover utility by pressing control option f 8.
Once in the utility you can use command 1 through 0 to access the utility categories in the table.
The categories are as follows.
Command 1 is the general category.
In this category you will find welcome to os10 voiceover is on that is the greeting you will get when voiceover starts automatically when you start you’re mac.
Next there is a check box called display welcome dialog when voiceover starts.
Next there is a setup button.
When this button is pressed you will be brought in to a dialog wheir you can choose a drive wheir you can setup portable preferences.
Basically portable preferences are voiceover preferences that you have customized that you can take with you on a usb storage device such as a flash drive and use them on any mac.
The next option is allow voiceover to be controlled with apple script checkbox.
When this box is checked you will be able to control voiceover using a apple script.
We will discuss apple script in a later training.
The next option is the help button.
The next category in the utilities categories table is verbosity.
To get to this press command 2 after you shift tab to the the utilities categories table.
Once there you will find speech tab, braille tab, text tab, announcements tab, and hints tab.
To go to the next tab use vo right arrow To navigate to the previous tab use vo left arrow.
That is control and option left arrow to go to the previous tab and control option right arrow to go to the next tab use control option right arrow.
To select the tab use vo space bar.
Now we will learn about each of the tabs in the verbosity category.
The first tab we will learn about is the speech tab.
In this tab you can choose how much information voiceover speaks.
High verbosity makes voiceover speak a lot of information.
medium verbosity speech a little information and low speech verbosity makes voiceover speaks the least amount of information.
Next you will find the additional speech verbosity options check box.
When this is checked you will find more options that you can customize.
Each setting you can set the verbosity to high medium or low verbosity.
The next tab is the braille tab.
In this tab you can choose how much information is displayed on the display.
The low verbosity option shows the least of information and the high verbosity option shows the most information.
The next tab is the text tab.
is wheir you can adjust how voiceover speaks text.
The first popup menu you will find is the some punctuation popup menu.
In this menu you can adjust how much punctuation voiceover speaks.
The next popup menu is the repeated punctuation popup menu.
In this menu you can choose how much times punctuation is spoken.
The next popup menu is the while typing speak popup menu.
In this menu you will find the characters and words and words characters and nothing basically this menu will tell voiceover how much information to speak while typing.
The next option you will find is the speak text while cursor passes.
This allows voiceover to speak the text each time the cursor moves.
The next option is the text attributes popup menu.
In this menu you can choose if voiceover speaks when text attributes such as font attributes change.
The next option you will find is the speak attributes when encountering a ins spelled word.
The next option is speak when encountering a link or attachment popup menu.
In this menu this allows you to choose what voiceover does when encountering a link or attachment such as play a tone or speak.
The next option is the read numbers as popup menu.
In this menu you can choose to have voiceover read numbers as digits or words.
By default voiceover reads numbers as digits.
The next option is change pitch when reading a capital letter.
In this menu you can choose how voiceover reads a capital letter.
The next option is the when deleting text popup menu.
In this menu you can choose how voiceover reads deleted text.
The next option is punctuation and white space option.
In this menu you can choose to separate words by a white space or a white space and punctuation.
The next tab is the announcements tab.
In this tab you can choose how much information voiceover announces.
The first option is announce when mouse cursor enters window check box. when the box is checked voiceover will announce when the mouse cursor enters a window.
The next option is speak when a modifier key is pressed check box.
When this box is checked each key you press will be announced.
The next option is announce when the caps lock key is pressed check box.
This box is checked by default.
The next option you will find is speak header when navigating across a table row.
When this check box is checked each time a header is encountered it will be spoken.
The next option is automatically speak text in dialog boxes.
This check box is checked by default.
The next option is append phonetic pronunciation to single characters.
Once this box is checked voiceover will speak every character phonetically.
The next option is play tone when status text changes under voiceover cursor.
The next option is play tone when progress indicator changes popup menu.
In this menu you will have options like do nothing speak or play tone.
The next option is size and position pop up menu.
In this menu you will find inches millimeters and points.
The final option in this tab is speak text after mouse after delay. check box.
The next tab is the hints tab.
In this tab you can disable hints and you can stop voiceover from speaking help tags.
To disable hints tab to the speak instructions for using the item in the voiceover cursor check box and uncheck the check box.
Then tab to the when an item has a help tag popup menu and then press vo space bar on it.
Then choose do nothing to stop voiceover from speaking help tags.
Now we will learn about the next category.
If you press command 3 you will find that you are selecting the speech category.
In this category you can adjust the voices and pronunciation tabs.
In the voices tab you can adjust the voice rate pitch and volume and entenation.
You can also adjust the options by using control option command right and left arrow to find the voice option you want to adjust and then use control option command up and down arrow to adjust that voice option.
The next tab in the speech category is the pronunciation tab.
In this tab you can change how voiceover pronunciates words and other pronunciations.
In the voices tab if you check the additional voice options check box then you can adjust the content voice type voice and attributes voice and status voice.
The next category is the navigation category.
You can access this by pressing command 4.
In this category you will be able to choose the position of the voiceover cursor make the voiceover follow keyboard focus and other options.
The next option you will find is initial position of voiceover cursor popup menu.
In this menu you can choose the position of the voiceover cursor.
The next option is voiceover cursor follows keyboard focus.
When this option is checked voiceover will follow wheir ever the keyboard focus gos.
The next option is keyboard focus follows voiceover cursor.
When this option is checked the keyboard focus will follow the voiceover cursor.
The next option you will find is the insertion point follows voiceover cursor.
When this option is checked the insertion point will follow wheir ever the voiceover cursor gos.
The next option is voiceover cursor follows insertion point.
When this option is checked the insertion point will follow the voiceover cursor.
The next option you will find is ignore voiceover cursor mouse pointer popup menu. In this menu you can choose how the mouse follows the voiceover cursor.
The next option is the allow cursor wrapping check box.
When this box is checked it will allow the cursor to wrap up down left and right continuously.
The next option is skip redundant labels.
This means if you check this box you only have to here duplicate labels once.
The next option is automatically interact with items by pressing the tab key check box.
Once this check box is check you don’t have to always interact with items.
The next option is enable fast searching.
This allows you to search for elements that begins with a specified letter.
The next category is the web category.
This can be accessed by pressing command 5.
While in here there is a navigation page loading and web rotor tab.
The first tab navigation allows you to set what type of navigation you want to use when browsing the web.
The options are group or dom order.
In the page loading tab there is the speak summary when loading a webpage If you want to know how many links are on a page then you should check this box.
All of the other options are checked by default.
The next tab is the web rotor tab.
In this tab you can add items to the rotor such as links headings text fields buttons and other items.
To add a item to the rotor check the box to remove it uncheck the box.
The next category is the sound category.
You can get to this by pressing command 6.
Next you find the options like the mute sound effects and sound output and audio ducking and positional audio.
The mute sound effects check box allows you to mute and unmute voiceover sound efects.
The next option is the audio ducking check box.
This check box is checked by default but if you uncheck this box voiceover won’t talk over the top of you’re other audio.
The next option is enable positional audio this is enabled by default this gives you audio QS that help you find items on the screen.
The next option is system default.
In this menu you can change and choose what output device voiceover speaks through.
The next category is the visuals category.
In this category there options relating to the voiceover cursor captionn panel braille panel touch and menus.
The next category is the commanders.
In this category you can set up trackpad or keyboard or numpad commanders.
The next category is the braille category.
In this category you will find the layout tab and displays tab.
In the displays tab you can add a display to you’re list of displays that you are going to use with you’re mac.
In the layout tab you can change options such as if the braille display will use contractions or not will it use 8 dot braille and other options.
To get to the braille category by the way use command 9.
The final part of the voiceover utility is the activities.
To get to the voiceover activities press command 0.
In this category you can setup specific settings for a single application called activities.
When you are in the activities categories you will have a add button and after you add a activety you will see a list of check boxes. The check boxes include voices web quick nav and other check boxes.
Then there will be a select apps menu button wheir you can apply you’re changes to an app.