using mail on the mac

Mac basics number 7

using the mail app.

We will now learn how to  use the mail application.

First to open mail go to you’re doc by pressing vo d.

Next press the left or right arrow keys to find the mail application and then press enter to open mail.

Next to send a new message press command n to create a new message.

Then in the two field type the email address you want to send the message to.

Next if you tab once you will see the CC field or the carbon copy field.

In this field you can add more email addresses to send the email two.

Next if you tab again  you will find the subject field.

In this field you can type a subject for you’re message.

Next tab to again and you will find the customize header menu button.

In this menu you can customize if you want to use a cc address bcc address and reply to address.

The next thing you are going to tab to is the from popup button.

In this menu you can  choose what address you are going to use to send you’re message.

Next if you tab  again  you will find the signature  popup button.

In this menu you can choose what signature  to use  in you’re emails.

Next if you tab to the message body edit field this is wheir you can type you’re message.

Next to send the message press command shift d to send the message.

Now we will learn how to reply and forward a message.

To reply to a message first use the up and down arrow keys to find the message you want to reply to.

Next press enter or vo j to open the message.

Note vo j or control option j is a toggal between the message and the messages table.

Next once in the message press command r to reply to the message.

If you are a part of a list or group some groups depending on the settings that the group’s owner has set you can  use command r to reply to the sender or command shift r to reply to the whole group or also referred to as a reply all command.

To forward a email open the message that you want to forward by using the up and down arrow keys to locate the message once in the messages table.

Next press enter or vo j to open the message.

Next press command shift f to forward the message.

Next type in the email address you want to forward the message to.

Next press command shift d to send the message.

To delete a message you can open the message and then press command delete to delete the message.

To close the message with out deleting it press command w.

To delete all messages from the messages table press command a to select all messages.

Next press command delete to delete all messages.

To move messages from one mail box to another you can   select the message or messages you want to move with shift down arrow.

Next press command shift m to open the shortcut menu.

Next press the down arrow key to go to the move to submenu.

Next press the right arrow key to open the menu.

Next use the down arrow key to locate the folder you want to move the message to and press vo space bar to move the message.

Next to access other mail boxes  first  shift tab to the mail boxes table.

Next press the down arrow key to locate the mail box you want to switch to.

Next tab to the messages table of the associated  mail box.

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using Skype on the mac

mac basics number 6

using Skype on the mac

We will now learn how to download and use Skype on you’re mac.

 

First to download Skype go to http://www.skype.com Next  Go to downloads.

Next choose the get Skype for mac download link and then the Skype .dmg file should download.

Next to show the downloads folder press command option l.

Note this is a toggal in safari to show and hide the downloads folder.

You can also access the downloads folder from the finder with a command option l.

Next if you are in safari  and you want to open the download first tab to show in finder and press vo space bar on it.

If you are in the finder you can just press command option l to open the downloads folder and then you can press command o to open the Skype .dmg file.

Next tab to  the Skype .app application and then press command c to copy it.

Next press command shift a to open the applications folder.

Next press command v to paste it in to the folder.

Next  Close the applications and downloads folder with command w.

Next open the applications folder with command shift a.

Next use the up and down arrow keys to find the Skype .app application and press command o to open it.

Next if you are opening it for the first time a dialog will come up telling you that this application was downloaded from safari just ignore the dialog and vo right arrow to open and press vo space bar to select it.

This will only happen once.

Now that the Skype app is opened type in you’re Skype name.

Next tab to the password field to enter you’re password.

Next press enter to sign in to you’re Skype.

 

After signing in to Skype you can use command 1 to go to Skype home.

Use command 2 to access the dial pad.

Command 3 is to enter the contacts monitor and command 4 is to enter Skype wifi.

 

The second way you can  access you’re contactts is first vo left arrow to the sidebar table.

Next interact with the sidebar table with vo shift down arrow that is control option shift down arrow.

Next vo left arrow or right arrow  to the contacts and then stop interacting with the side bar table with control option shift up arrow.

Next vo right arrow to the contacts list table.

Next to set it to show only online contactts vo left arrow to the online button and then press vo space bar to set it.

Now we will learn how to send a message.

First you can  press command 3 to go to the contacts monitor and then locate the contactt you want to message with the up and down arrow keys and then press enter to open the edit field.

Next type in the message and then press enter to send the message.

Next to access messages that some one has sent you while in that conversation window first press vo left arrow to  the grid and then interact with it.

Next vo right arrow to read the message.

To reply to the message stop interacting with the grid with vo shift up arrow that is control option shift up arrow.

Next vo right arrow to the edit field and then enter you’re message.

Next press enter to send you’re message.

Now we are going to make a call to a contact.

First press command 3 to go to  the contacts monitor.

Next press the up and down arrow keys  to locate the contact you want to call.

and press enter on the contact.

Next vo left arrow to the side bar that control option left arrow to the side bar and interact with it with control option shift down arrow.

Next press command shift m to open the shortcut menu.

Next press the down arrow key to find call and then press vo space bar or enter to call the contact.

We will now learn about adding other contacts to calls.

 

First  press command 3 to open the contacts monitor.

Next use the up and down arrow keys to locate the contact you want to add and then press enter.

Next vo left arrow to the add to call button and then press vo space bar to add them to the call.

To hang up a call you can use command shift h.

.

To answer a incomeing call first wait until the  the incomeing call dialog appears after some on call’s you.

Next vo right arrow to the accept button and then press vo space bar on it.

 

To decline vo left arrow to the decline button and then press vo space bar to decline the call.

To murge the calls vo right arrow to the murge calls button and then press vo space bar on it.

 

Next we will learn about how to add a contact to you’re contacts list.

First  press vo left arrow to get to the side bar table and interact with it with control option shift down arrow.

Next vo left arrow to the contacts and stop interacting with the side bar table.

Next vo right arrow to add contact.

Next press vo space bar on add contact.

Next enter the Skype name of the contact and then press tab to tab to the find button or just press enter to start the search.

Next tab to the results table.

Next press the up and down arrow keys to find the contact.

Next tab to the   add contact button and then press vo space bar on it.

Next vo right arrow to the send button to send the requests.

Next we will now learn how to accept  a contact request.

To accept a request first vo left arrow to the side bar table.

Next interact with the side bar table with control option shift down arrow.

Next vo right arrow to the person that sent you’re the request and then stop interacting with  the side bar table with control option shift up arrow.

Next vo right arrow to the accept button and then vo space bar on the accept button.

Next we will now learn how to    delete you’re history.

First open preferences with command ,.

Next tab to the privacy and then press vo space bar on it.  Next tab to delete  all chat history and then press vo space bar on it.

Next vo right arrow to  delete all  and then vo space bar on it.

Note

You can;t do this while in a call.

 

 

To set you’re input and output settings tab to the audio and video button and then press vo space bar on it.

Next to adjust the microphone  choose the microphone popup menu and then vo space bar on it.

Next use the up and down arrow keys to locate the device you want to use and then press vo space bar on it.

 

 

When you are done in Skype preferences  presss command w.

 

adding voices to the mac

We will now learn how to add voices to your mac.

First open voiceover utility by pressing vo f 8.

If you don’t have the use all f1 f2 ETC keys as standard function keys checked  under system preferences and keyboard then you will have to press function control option f8.

Then press command 3 to go to the speech category.

Next  tab to the default voice popup and then press vo space bar on it.

Next use the down arrow to get to the customize option and then press vo space bar on it.

 

Next vo right arrow to the voices table.

Next you can use the up and down arrow keys to find the voice you want and then press vo space bar to check it.

 

Next vo right arrow to the okay button and then press vo space bar on it.

 

 

customizing you’re finder safari and system preferences

Mac basics 4

We will now learn how to customize you’re finder  safari and system preferences.

First to customize you’re preferences just relating to the finder press command ,.

In this dialog you will find the general preferences wheir you can show the hard drive and other disks such as external disks.

To show the hard disk check the show hard disks check box.

To show external disks check the external disks checkbox.

To check a box press vo space bar.

The next option in the finder preferences is the tags option.

In this option you  can choose what tags show up in the sidebar.

 

The next option is the side bar option.

In this option you can choose what shows up in the sidebar when opening a new finder window  and when you interact with the sidebar to find  folders.

For example you can have you’re music movies and documents folder show up in the side bar.

To have them show up in the side bar in the side bar preferences in the finders check the box that says documents music and movies.

The next option is the advance option.

In this option you will be able to check a box that is very important the check box is show all file name extensions  check box.

When you check this  box with vo space bar  voiceover will announce the extension of a app and file.

 

To close the finder preferences press command w.

Now we will now go through the safari preferences .  First to get to the safari preferences  first open safari.

To open safari go to the doc with vo d that is control option d.

Next press the left and right arrow key s to locate safari and then press enter to open it.

Next press command , to open preferences.

Next  the first preference we will discuss is the general preference.

The first option you will see in the general preference is the  default web browser pop up menu.

In this menu safari is the we browser that we are using.

The next  option in the general preference is the default search engine  popup menu.

In this menu you can choose what search engine safari uses.

The next option in the general preference is the  safari open’s with popup menu.

In this menu you can choose if safari opens in a new window or all windows from last  session.

The next option in the general preference is the  new windows open with popup menu.

In this menu you can choose when safari does it open with top sites homepage or empty page.

Next is the remove history items popup menu.

In this menu you can choose how long  the history is saved in the browser.

 

Next is the top sites shows popup menu.

In this menu you can choose how many sites are shown in top sites.

Next is the  save downloaded files to popup menu.

In this menu you can choose wheir downloaded files are save to.

Next is the remove  download list items popup menu.

In this menu you can choose to have them  removed manually and  when safari quits and when files are downloaded successfully.

Next is the open  safe files after downloading  check box.

This box is checked by default.

The next option is the  tabs preferences.

 

The first preference  in the tabs preferences  is the  open pages in tabs instead of windows popup menus.

In this menu you can choose   if it open’s tabs automatically always or never open tabs instead of windows.

Next is the command click opens a link in a new tab check box  this box is checked by default.

The next option in the tabs preferences is the when new tab or window is opened make it active checkbox.

This check box is unchecked by default.

 

 

The next option in safari preferences is the  autofill option.

In this option you can edit form information such as credit card info and other personal info that you enter in to websites.

We will now move on to the next preference is the   passwords option.

In this dialog you can remove passwords.

To remove a password and account that you use on a website from safari first  tab to the passwords table.

Next vo right arrow to  the website that you are wanting to delete that contains the user name and password and then stop interacting with the table with vo shift up arrow that is control option shift up arrow.

Next vo right arrow to the remove button and then press vo space bar on it.

The next preference  we will learn about is the security option.

The options include.

Warn with visiting a fraudulent websites.

Safari warns you if the site is a fishing website.

Enable java script.

Java script is used by websites to provide access to content such forms buttons and other content.

 

Next you will find the block popup windows option.

This option by default blocks adds  in popup windows when you open and close a webpage.

 

The next option is allow web g l.

This allows safari to show  2 d or 3 d content that uses web gl.

 

The next option is allow plugins this allows plugins to be shown on websites.

 

The next option we will now discuss is the privacy option.

In this option you can remove all website data including passwords user names and website data.

Now we will learn about the notifications option.

This is wheir you can adjust  what website notifications  are allowed or not.

The next option is the extensions options.

The extensions option allows you to downloads  extensions to safari.

We will now talk about the advance options.

One of the options I would check is the box that says  press tab to highlight links on a webpage check box.

When this box is checked you are able to tab to interact with a webpage.

Now be wheir you might have to interact with some webpages with vo shift down arrow but most webpages you can press the tab key to interact with them.

 

We will now talk about how to turn on  the option use all  f 1 f2  ETC keys as standard function keys check box

First open system preferences.

To open system preferences first go to you’re doc  by pressing vo d and then go to system preferences.

To get to system preferences use the left or right arrow keys to find system preferences and then press enter to open it.

Next tab a little to get out of the tool bar and then press k to jump to the keyboard option.

Next press vo space bar to open keyboard preferences.

Next tab to the use  all   f 1 f 2  ETC keys as standard functions keys  and then press vo space bar to check it.

This way you can use just the vo keys with out the function plus vo keys.

 

 

acting the voiceover utility and changing settings

Mac basics 3

We will now learn how to access the voiceover utility and change settings.

For users who don’t have the option under system preferences keyboard and use  all  f1 f2 ETC keys as standard function keys   checked you will be accessing the voiceover utility by pressing control option FN or function key and f 8.

For users who do have this option enabled you can access the voiceover utility by pressing control option f 8.

 

Once in the utility you can use command 1 through 0 to access the utility categories  in the table.

The categories  are as follows.

Command 1 is the general category.

In this category you will find   welcome to  os10 voiceover is on that is the greeting you will get when voiceover starts automatically when you start you’re mac.

Next there is a check box called display welcome dialog when voiceover starts.

Next there is a setup button.

When this button is pressed you will be brought in to a dialog wheir you can choose a drive wheir you can setup portable preferences.

Basically portable preferences are voiceover preferences that you have customized that you can take with you  on a usb storage device such as a flash drive and use them on any mac.

The next option is  allow voiceover to be controlled  with apple script checkbox.

When this box is checked you will be able to control voiceover using  a apple script.

We will discuss apple script in a later training.

 

 

The next option is the help  button.

The next  category in the utilities categories table is verbosity.

To get to this press command 2 after you shift tab to the the utilities categories table.

Once there you will find  speech tab, braille tab, text tab, announcements tab, and hints tab.

To go to the next tab use vo right arrow To navigate to the previous tab use vo left arrow.

That is control and option left arrow to go to the previous tab and control option right arrow to go to the next  tab use control option right arrow.

To select the tab use vo space bar.

Now we will learn about each of the tabs in the verbosity category.

The first tab we will learn about is the speech tab.

In this tab you can choose how much information voiceover speaks.

High verbosity makes voiceover speak a lot of information.

medium verbosity speech a little information and low speech verbosity makes voiceover speaks the least amount of information.

Next you will find the additional speech verbosity options check box.

When this is checked you will find more options that you can customize.

 

Each setting you can set the verbosity to high medium or low verbosity.

The next tab is the braille tab.

 

In this tab  you can choose  how much information is displayed  on the display.

The low verbosity option shows the least of information and the high verbosity option shows the most information.

 

The next tab is the text tab.

is wheir you can adjust how voiceover  speaks text.

 

The first popup  menu you will find is the  some punctuation popup menu.

In this menu you can adjust how much punctuation voiceover speaks.

 

 

The next popup menu is  the  repeated punctuation popup menu.

In this menu you can choose how much times  punctuation is spoken.

 

The next popup menu is the  while typing speak popup menu.

In this menu you will find the characters and words and words characters and nothing basically this menu will tell voiceover how much information to speak while typing.

The next option you will find is the speak text while cursor passes.

This allows voiceover to speak the text each time the cursor moves.

The next option is the text attributes   popup menu.

In this menu you can choose if voiceover speaks when text attributes such as font attributes change.

 

 

The next option you will find is the speak attributes when encountering a ins spelled word.

 

The next option is speak when encountering  a link or attachment popup menu.

In this menu this allows you to  choose  what voiceover does when encountering a link or attachment such as play a tone or speak.

The next option is the read numbers as popup menu.

In this menu you can choose to have voiceover read numbers as digits or words.

By default voiceover reads numbers as digits.

The next option is change pitch when reading a capital letter.

In this  menu you can choose how voiceover reads a capital letter.

The next option is the when deleting text popup menu.

In this menu  you can choose  how voiceover reads deleted text.

The next option is punctuation and white space option.

In this menu you can choose to separate words by a white space or a white space and punctuation.

The next tab is the announcements tab.

In this tab you can choose how much information voiceover announces.

 

The first option is announce when mouse cursor enters window check box.  when the box is checked  voiceover will announce when the mouse cursor enters a window.

The next option is speak when  a modifier key is pressed  check box.

When this box is checked each key you press  will be announced.

The next option is announce when the caps lock key is pressed check box.

This box is checked by default.

The next option you will find is speak header when navigating across a table row.

When this check box is checked each time a header is encountered it will be spoken.

The next option is automatically speak text in dialog boxes.

This check box is checked by default.

The next option is append  phonetic  pronunciation to single characters.

Once this box is checked  voiceover will speak every character  phonetically.

The next option is play tone  when   status text changes under voiceover cursor.

The next option is  play tone when progress  indicator changes popup menu.

In this menu you will have options like do nothing speak or play tone.

The next option  is  size and position pop up menu.

In this menu you will find inches  millimeters and points.

The final option in this tab is speak  text after mouse after delay.  check box.

The next tab is the  hints tab.

In this tab you can disable hints and you can stop voiceover from speaking help tags.

To disable hints tab to the  speak instructions  for using the item in the voiceover cursor check box and uncheck the check box.

Then tab to the when an item has a help tag popup menu and then press  vo space bar on it.

Then choose do nothing to stop voiceover from speaking help tags.

 

 

Now we will learn about the next category.

If you press command 3 you will find that you are  selecting the speech category.

In this category you can adjust the voices and  pronunciation tabs.

In the voices tab you can adjust the voice rate pitch and volume and entenation.

You can also adjust the options by using control option command right and left arrow to find the voice option you want to adjust and then use control option command up and down arrow to adjust that voice option.

The next tab in the speech category is the pronunciation tab.

In this tab you can change how voiceover pronunciates  words and other pronunciations.

In the voices tab  if you check the additional voice options check box then you can adjust the content voice type voice and attributes voice and status voice.

The next category is the navigation category.

You can access this by pressing command 4.

In this category you will be able to  choose the position of the voiceover cursor make the voiceover  follow keyboard focus and other options.

The next option you will find is   initial position of voiceover cursor popup menu.

In this menu you can choose the position of the voiceover cursor.

The next option is voiceover cursor follows  keyboard focus.

When this option is checked voiceover will follow wheir ever the keyboard focus gos.

The next option is keyboard focus follows voiceover cursor.

When this option is checked the keyboard focus will follow the voiceover cursor.

The next option you will find is the insertion point follows voiceover cursor.

When this option is checked the insertion point will follow wheir ever the voiceover cursor gos.

The next option is voiceover cursor follows insertion point.

When this option is checked the insertion point will follow the voiceover cursor.

 

The next option you will find is ignore voiceover cursor  mouse pointer popup menu. In this menu  you can choose how the mouse follows the voiceover cursor.

 

The next option is  the allow cursor wrapping check box.

When this box is checked it will allow the cursor to wrap up down left and right continuously.

The next option is skip redundant labels.

This means if you check this box you only have to here duplicate labels once.

The next option is  automatically interact with items by pressing the tab key check box.

Once this check box is check you don’t have to always  interact with items.

 

The next option is enable fast searching.

This allows you to  search for  elements  that begins with a specified letter.

The next category is the web category.

This can be accessed by pressing command 5.

While in here there is a navigation page loading and web rotor tab.

The first tab navigation allows you to set what type of navigation you want to use when browsing the web.

The options are group or dom order.

 

In the page loading tab  there is the speak summary when loading a webpage If you want to know how many links are on a page then you should check this box.

All of the other options are checked by  default.

The next tab is the web rotor tab.

In this tab you can add items to the rotor such as links headings text fields buttons and other items.

To add a item to the rotor check the box to remove it uncheck the box.

The next category is the sound category.

You can get to this by pressing command 6.

Next you find the options like the  mute sound effects and sound output and audio ducking and positional audio.

The mute sound effects check box allows  you to mute and unmute voiceover sound efects.

The next option is the audio ducking check box.

This check box is checked by default but if you uncheck this box voiceover won’t talk over the top of you’re other audio.

 

The next option is  enable positional audio this is enabled by default this gives you audio QS that help you find items on the screen.

The next option is system default.

In this menu you can change and choose what output device voiceover speaks through.

 

The next category is the visuals category.

In this category there options relating to the voiceover cursor captionn panel braille panel touch and menus.

 

The next category is the commanders.

In this category you can set up trackpad or keyboard or numpad commanders.

 

The next category is the braille category.

In this category you will find the layout tab and displays tab.

In the displays tab you can add a display to you’re list of displays that you are going to use with you’re mac.

In the layout tab you can change options such as if the braille display will use contractions or not will it use 8 dot braille and other options.

 

To get to the braille category by the way use command 9.

 

The final part of the voiceover utility is the activities.

To get to the voiceover activities press command 0.

 

 

In this category you can setup  specific settings for a single application called activities.

When you are in the activities categories you will have a add button and after you add a activety you will see a list of check boxes.  The check boxes include voices web quick nav and other check boxes.

Then there will be a select apps menu button wheir you can apply you’re changes to an app.

accessing the applications utilities home computer downloads and documents folders on your mac

mac basics number 2

We will now learn how to access the applications, documents, home, computer, utilities,  and downloads folders on you’re mac.

First to access the applications folder press command shift a.

In this folder you will find all of the applications you have  installed on you’re mac not downloaded but installed.

Once in this folder you can use the up and down arrow keys to find the application you want to open and press command o to open it.  You’re down arrow key will navigate you to the next application the up arrow key will navigate you to the previous application in the folder.

 

You can also remove applications that you have installed to the trash folder by   pressing command backspace.

I would not recommend removing the applications that come with you’re mac such as system preferences.

 

When you are finished using the applications folder press command w to close it.

The next folder we will learn how to access is the documents folder.

To access the documents folder press command shift o.

In this folder is wheir you’re documents are stored.

Use the up and down arrow keys to find the document you want to open and press command o to open it.

In this folder  you can also create  new folders.

To create a new folder press command shift n.

Next type the name of the folder and then press enter to create the folder.

To rename a document or folder press enter on the folder and then type the new name for the folder and then press enter to accept the change.

To move a document from one folder to another first locate the document by using the up and down arrow keys.

Next press command c to copy the document.

Next find the folder you want to paste the document in to and then press command o to open the folder.

Next press command v to paste the document in to the folder.

 

To close the documents folder press command w.

the next folder you would need to access to see what applications you have downloaded is the downloads folder.

To access this folder press command option l.

In this folder you will find all of you’re applications you have downloaded  not installed but have downloaded from the internet.

Use the up and down arrow keys to find the applications you want to open and then press command o to open it.

Note you can  hide and show the downloads  folder  while in safari with command option l.

You can also access it outside of safari with command option l as well.

To remove a application from the downloads folder  press command backspace.

To copy the application to the applications folder  first press command o on the application you want to copy.

Next once opened  voiceover should say system has new window or image browser group.

At this point tab to the .app application or if you don’t have the option show  all file name extensions enabled in finder preferences  voiceover will only say the name of the application and application. Next regardless if you have the show all file name extensions enabled or not tab to the.app application and then press command c to copy it. Next press command shift a to open the applications folder. Next press command v to paste the application  in the applications  folder. Note not every application has a .app extension  wheir you have to copy and paste some applications you have to go through installers to install them.

 

 

The next folder we will learn how to access is the home folder.

To access this folder press command shift h.

 

In this folder is wheir you’re  documents music and other folders.

This folder basically is the folder that is created when you first create you’re user account on the mac.

To close this folder press command w.

The next folder we will now learn how to access is the computer.

The only reason I would recommend you go here is if you want to copy something from one drive to another such as  a external drive.

 

In the computer folder you will find you’re mac’s hard drive network and remote disk and other drives that you have connected.

 

accessing the voiceover tutorial and navigating the panels and accessing keyboard help and navigating the desktop doc and menu bar

Mac basics 1

We will now first learn about accessing the voiceover practice and navigating the practice panels and exiting voiceover practice.

First to access the voiceover  practice  if you don’t have the use all  f1 f2  ETC  keys as  standard function keys  enabled  in system preferences  you will have to hold down the FN key or function key along with control option and command and f 8 keys.

If you do have this option enabled you won’t have to hold down the FN key.

To navigate to the next practice panel in the voiceover practice use the right arrow key.

To navigate to the previous panel use the left arrow key.

To exit the voiceover practice press escape.

Now We will now learn how to access keyboard help and learn what the keys when holding down the command option and control keys do.

To access keyboard help press vo k that is control option k.

Remember the option key is the second to the left of the space bar.

The control key is the third key next to the space bar.

 

Now hold the three keys down and  press the h key this will navigate you to the next heading.

Now hold down the control option command and shift h this will navigate to the previous heading.

 

Now if you press control option command l or control option command shift l that will navigate you to the next and previous link.

 

to  navigate to the previous and next table use control option command t and shift t.

Remember control option command t navigates to the next table and control option command shift t navigates to the previous table.

To exit keyboard help press the escape key.

Now we will learn how to  navigate the desktop.

To move to the next item using the voiceover cursor  press vo right arrow remember that is control option right arrow.

To navigate to the previous item use control option left arrow that is vo left arrow.

To rename the item press enter then type the name and then press enter again to accept the change.

To open the item on the desktop press command o.

Remember the command key is the first key to the left of the space bar.

 

 

Now we will learn how to navigate the doc.

To bring up the doc press vo d that is control option d.

Remember the control key  is the third key to the left of the space bar.

The option key is the second key to the left of the space bar.

 

Once in the doc to navigate to the next item in the doc use the right arrow key.

To navigate to the previous item in the doc press the left arrow key.

To open the item  press enter or vo space bar that is control option space bar.

To exit the doc press the escape key.

Now we will learn how to navigate the apple menu.

To open the apple menu press vo m that is control option m.

to navigate to other menus in the menu bar press vo right arrow or vo left arrow.

To open the apple menu or any other menu in the menu bar you can use vo down arrow or press the down arrow key.

In the apple menu you will find the software update option wheir you can install updates such as updates to apps and system updates.

The next option you will find is the app store option.

This option allows you to access the app store from the apple menu instead of having to go to the doc.

The next option you will find is the system preferences option this is another way to access system preferences  with out having to go to the doc.

Next  you will find the doc sub menu.

In this menu you can hide and position the  doc.

To open the submenu press the right arrow key to close it press the left arrow key.

The next option you will find is the recent items submenu.

In this submenu you will find recent items that have been opened.

 

The next option you will find is the  force quit option.

This option allows you to   force quit applications that won’t quit or just  not responding.

The final three options restart and shutdown and log out are options that let you restart or shutdown  and log out of you’re mac.

Remember to open the apple menu press vo m that is control option m.

To navigate to other menus in the menu bar press vo right arrow or vo left arrow and to open a menu in the menu bar press vo down arrow or the down arrow key.

To navigate through the options in the menu that you have opened such as the apple menu press the down arrow key.

To activate a menu item  press vo space bar that is control option space bar.

 

To exit the menu bar press escape.