using safari on the mac

We will now learn how to use safari on the mac.

Safari is the default web browser that the mac uses to browse webpages download files play audio  from the web such as podcasts.

Now lets discuss web elements.

Web elements are links headings text fields buttons check boxes or any thing on the web you can navigate to.


There are many ways to navigate safari.

You can use quick nav the track pad or the voiceover commands.

To use quick nav press the left and right arrow keys together to enable quick nav.

Then use the up and left arrows or up and right arrow keys to turn the quick nav rotor clockwise or counter clockwise.

To navigate a rotor setting such as heading use the up arrow to go back a heading and the down arrow to go forward a  heading.

To activate a item such as a link press the up and down arrow keys together.

You can also use single key navigation as well such as h and shift h for heading l and shift l for link t and shift t for table b to navigate to the next button shift b to navigate to the previous button.


To navigate by list press x to navigate   to the next list and shift x to navigate to the previous list.


To navigate by visited  link when using single navigation use v to navigate  forward a visited link and shift v to navigate back a visited link.

To enable single key webpage navigation go to voiceover utility with vo f8.

Then press command 8 to get to commanders.

Next tab to the list of tabs and then vo right arrow to the quick nav tab and then press vo space bar on it.

Next tab to the enable single key web page navigation check box and then press vo space bar on it to enable it.


Be careful in this mode if you try to type some thing in a text field quick nav will act like you are trying to perform a command so make sure you turn off quick nav by pressing the left and right arrows together. We will now navigate with the voiceover commands to navigate by heading use vo command h and vo command shift h.

To navigate by links use  vo command l to navigate forward a link and vo command shift l to navigate back a link.

To navigate forward a table use vo command t.

To navigate back a table use vo command shift t.

To navigate by  lists  use  vo command x to navigate forward a list and vo command shift x to navigate back a list.

To navigate by visited links press vo command  v to navigate forward a visited link.

To navigate back a visited link press vo command shift v.


To activate a item such asa link with the voiceover commands use vo space bar.

You can also use the track pad as well.

To switch the  rotor from links to headings to text fields to buttons put two fingers on the track pad and then turn them clockwise or counter clockwise and then swipe down to move forward or back such as a link and then when you find the link you want double tap the link.


Web spots  helps you mark a location on a webpage.

To mark a location press vo command shift left bracket.

To move forward a web spot press vo command right bracket to move back a web spot press vo command left bracket.


To go forward a page press command right bracket to go back a page use command left bracket.

Vo shift u will speak the url that the link points to.

Vo shift m right clicks a link.

Vo f2 speaks title of webpage.

Vo shift i speaks the title and number of links  headings and so on.

Command l  opens the address bar.


Command t opens a new tab.

Command w closes a new tab.

This command also closes windows too.

Control tab switch to the next tab.

Control shift tab switch back a tab.


Command d  book marks the page.

Command option l  shows the downloads.

Command r refreshes the page.

Command . stops refreshing the page.

Command shift r turns shows and hides the reader.

By the way the reader allows you to  read a article with out having to move through so many links to get to the article.

Command shift  backslash  toggle showing all open tabs in a single window.

This window also will include the tabs from your mac and iOS devices.

Here is a link to the article where I found the commands.



Setting up a commander with Voice over on the mac

1. Open up vo utility with f8 and go to commanders. Push command 8 to get to commanders quickly

2. Vo right arrow to keyboard and vo space bar on that

3. Make sure you check the check box to enable the option key to work with commander

4. Vo space bar to add ndew, hit vo space bar on that

5. Type the letter or the number you want to use. For example, I would type the letter c for converstion.

6. Vo right arrow to the pop up menu and space bar on it. Then use the down arrow to go threw the various options. You want custom commands if you want this to open a program for you

7. Once you get to custom commands, hit enter, its going to be on the option you want already, whitch is open an application. So vo space bar on that

8. Vo right arrow to the applications table, and inter act with it

9. Find the app you want, and hit inter on it

10. It will bring you back to the area where you selected the number or letter of what you wanted to use to open the application. Stop inter acting with that and your done. Close vo utility, and try it. So I would push option key with the letter C, and it will open my conversion program. By default it is the right option key, but there is a pop up menu that lets you change it to the left or both. HTH